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Who Treats Low Back Pain?

It can happen at any time. A simple twist to the left too suddenly. Or maybe you just slept “wrong”. Low back pain has so many different causes that it can be impossible to predict when it is going to happen to you.

Statistically, it is highly likely that low back pain will happen to you at some point in your life. In fact, around 80% of us will experience this condition during the course of our existence.

lady with low back pain

Most cases of back pain resolve on their own, given a few weeks. Doctors now recommend against bed rest, instead prescribing gentle regular movement and exercise, along with an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen if you need it to manage the pain.

The most important thing is to keep moving and to return to regular activities as soon as possible. But sometimes the pain just doesn’t go away - and that can be a scary thing.

Red Flags For Low Back Pain

If your low back pain lasts more than a few weeks and it is severe, it is a good idea to pay a visit to your healthcare provider. If you have back pain as well as any of the following red flags (See our blog on Red Flags and Low Back Pain) you should seek medical care as soon as possible:

  • Fever

  • Loss of bladder or bowel function

  • Loss of strength

  • Numbness or tingling

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Night sweats

  • History of cancer

  • Had a fall or trauma

lady looking for a doctor for her back pain

Who Should Treat Your Low Back Pain?

Assuming you do not have any of these red flags, you now decide to go and see a doctor. But who should make an appointment with? Who treats low back pain?

Most of the time people end up making an appointment with their primary care doctor, which is an excellent place to start. Unfortunately low back pain is notoriously hard to diagnose and treat so your primary care provider may provide you with a recommendation to see a specialist.

In this article we take a look at the types of doctors or specialists who treat low back pain and break down what they do. Hopefully this will give you a basic understanding of how certain specialists treat low back pain and help you to decide which might be the best fit for you.

Physical therapists can help treat low back pain.

Physical Therapist

Physical therapists are health care professionals who help injured or ill people improve movement and manage pain. Physical therapists work with patients of all ages who have medical problems or health conditions that limit their ability to go about their daily activities. Physical therapists are key players in rehabilitation or preventive care for patients with injuries, illnesses, or other chronic conditions.

Physical therapists can help to develop fitness and wellness programs to restore function to injuries such as ACL tears, help with stroke patients to recover movements again and assist in remobilizing patients who have been bed ridden for a prolonged amount of time. The physical therapist designs recovery plans around patients’ specific needs to help reduce the need for surgery, reduce pain and improve function and mobility.

Physical therapists help to restore function and mobility to patients after illness or injury

What Does The PT Session Look Like?

A physical therapist will take down your medical history and perform a thorough assessment and evaluation in order to determine a diagnosis and rehabilitation plan.

During treatment a physical therapist may use exercise, hands on therapy such as massage or spinal manipulation, or use equipment to help with mobility and pain. They will also provide education around the injury or illness to help patients know what to expect from the recovery process.

Physical therapy is recommended by all international guidelines for the first line treatment of low back pain.

Typically patients with low back pain will be advised to complete around four weeks of physical therapy before considering things like surgery. Non-surgical interventions are always preferable as many patients will find relief with these interventions. Physical therapy is recommended by all international guidelines for the first line treatment of low back pain.

Acupuncture is a type of medicine based on an ancient traditional Chinese form of healing


Acupuncturists are healthcare professionals who practice a type of medicine based on an ancient traditional Chinese form of healing. They help patients evaluate and treat pain. Acupuncturists treat patients of all ages, from tiny babies, to the elderly. Acupuncturists must be licensed and they are regulated under the Acupuncturist Regulations in The Health Professions Act 2010.

In acupuncture tiny needles are inserted into the body to target the energy or “qi” in the body to enable healing and reduce pain.

The traditional art of acupuncture is based on the idea of energy in the body. Super thin needles are inserted into the skin at various pressure points throughout the body that are believed to stimulate the central nervous system.

These needles target the energy or “qi” in the body to enable healing and reduce pain. The needles do not cause pain, they are simply there to conduct energy. These biochemical changes in the body’s energy stimulates the body’s own natural healing.

Increasingly, acupuncture is becoming part of western medicine therapeutic options.

Acupuncture In Western Medicine Settings

Most acupuncturists work in private offices and clinics but as this way of medicine grows in popularity and acceptance, they are starting to be included more and more into traditional western medicine organizations like hospitals, cancer treatment centers, addiction centers and sports injury treatment facilities.

Orthopedic doctors specialize in musculo-skeletal issues within the body


An orthopedic doctor is a board-certified surgeon that specializes in musculo-skeletal issues within the body. These can include issues with bones, tendons, joints, and ligaments.

Orthopedists work with dislocated joints and things like hip and knee replacement surgeries. They also work with issues related to the spine such as scoliosis, ruptured discs, and other types of back pain.

Chiropractors specialize in treating conditions that affect the structure of your body


Chiropractors are highly trained healthcare professionals who specialize in treating conditions that affect the structure of your body. They often identify and treat neuromuscular disorders such as TMJ (temporo-mandibular jaw disorder) and back pain.

Chiropractic treatment basically refers to treatment that is done by hand. Rather than using drugs or surgery to treat conditions they focus on manual adjustments of body parts to get them in the right position.

Chiropractors believe that when your body is in proper alignment, you will be able to experience healing along with improved function and reduced pain.

Chiropractors often take a holistic approach to healing.

How Does Chiropractic Care Work?

Chiropractors often take a holistic approach to healing, getting to know their patients thoroughly, seeing them as more than just their illness or symptom.

Chiropractic adjustments can help relieve pain from bones, muscles, joints, or connective tissue, and these can be done either by hand, or using a special device called an activator.

Chiropractors believe that when patients’ bodies are properly aligned, symptoms are alleviated and quality of life is significantly improved. They can treat everything from back pain, to babies with colic, and everything in between.

Physiatrists specialize in nonsurgical options for back pain


Physiatrists specialize in nonsurgical options for back pain, using either interventional pain management or physical rehabilitation. They are also often known as physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians (PM and R).

Physiatrists often specialize in certain aspects of physical medicine such as neuromuscular disorders, pain management, or sports medicine.

Physiatrists are qualified to perform diagnostic testing for many conditions and are often experts in things like EMG (electromyography)

What Do Physiatrists Do?

Like chiropractors, physiatrists are trained to see their patients in a holistic way, giving them a more comprehensive view of a patient’s condition.

Physiatrists are qualified to perform diagnostic testing for many conditions and are often experts in things like EMG (electromyography), NCS (nerve conduction studies), and musculo-skeletal ultrasounds. These tests can often help the physiatrist accurately diagnose the root cause of back pain, and can help in forming a comprehensive treatment plan.

Physiatrists often explore some of the latest non-surgical techniques for treating conditions, such as prolotherapy, stem cell treatments, or plasma injections.

Rheumatologists treat rheumatic and autoimmune diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system.


Rheumatologists are internal medicine doctors that are trained in treating rheumatic and autoimmune diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system.

Conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout are often managed by a rheumatologist. The diseases they treat are similar to those managed by orthopedists but rheumatologists do not perform surgeries.

Doctors often recommend x-rays for diagnosing back pain but they don't always help with the diagnosis.

What Does A Rheumatologist Do?

Your rheumatologist will gather a complete medical history and then possibly order additional laboratory tests as well as x-rays, ultrasounds or CT scans to help identify the underlying cause of the pain and inflammation that you are experiencing.

Once they have all of the necessary information they will put together a comprehensive treatment plan that may include treatments such as medications, physical therapy or joint/tendon injections.

Helping patients overcome low back pain should involve a collaborative approach.


As you can see, there are many different types of doctors who may be able to assist with your low back pain condition. Each of these doctors takes a unique approach.

With low back pain being so difficult to diagnose and treat, sometimes a collaborative approach is required and many of these doctors are trained to work together for the benefit of the patient.

As we learn more about low back pain, and as new treatments and technologies emerge for its management, many of these healthcare professionals may offer even more unique and cutting edge treatment options like digital physical therapy and different digital therapeutics.


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