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What Technology Is Used In Physical Therapy?

LivaFortis looks at the types of technology being used in digital physical therapy

The Cutting-Edge: Technology Transforming Physical Therapy for Low Back Pain

In recent years, the field of physical therapy has witnessed a revolutionary transformation driven by advancements in technology. These innovations have not only enhanced the precision and effectiveness of therapeutic interventions but they have also given us new tools for treating specific conditions, such as low back pain.

In this blog, we will delve into the latest technology trends in physical therapy, focusing on five key tools that are making a significant impact on the treatment of low back pain.

VR is increasingly being used in physical therapy

Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)

Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) have transcended their entertainment origins and found a valuable application in the realm of physical therapy. These immersive technologies offer a simulated environment that allows users to engage in therapeutic exercises and activities in a controlled, virtual space.

For low back pain treatment, VR and AR can provide targeted exercises that focus on strengthening core muscles and improving flexibility. Therapists can design custom virtual environments to mimic real-life scenarios, encouraging patients to move naturally while closely monitoring their movements.

This technology not only makes rehabilitation more engaging but also facilitates real-time feedback, enhancing the overall effectiveness of the treatment.

Telehealth is changing the way patients access physical therapy

Telehealth and Remote Monitoring

The advent of telehealth has revolutionized the delivery of healthcare services, including physical therapy. Remote monitoring devices and telecommunication platforms enable therapists to connect with patients in real-time, offering guidance and monitoring progress without the need for actual physical presence.

In the context of low back pain, patients using digital physical therapy programs can perform prescribed exercises at home while therapists remotely monitor their movements and provide feedback.

Digital PT companies often use wearable technology

What Technology Is Being Used In Physical Therapy Here?

While some digital PT companies use technology that you might already have (think the camera on your phone or ipad) others offer advanced wearable devices equipped with sensors. These highly advanced wearables can track key metrics, such as posture, range of motion, and muscle activity.

The additional ability to engage in real-time feedback and have continuous monitoring helps to ensure that the rehabilitation program is tailored to the individual needs of the patient, leading to a highly personalized experience and ultimately more effective outcomes.

Robotics and exoskeletons represent a major technological leap in physical therapy

Robotics and Exoskeletons

Robotics and exoskeletons represent a major technological leap in physical therapy, providing a combination of mechanical support and interactive guidance. These high-tech devices are designed to help patients in performing specific movements, thereby aiding rehabilitation and promoting muscle activation.

In the treatment of low back pain, robotic exoskeletons can be employed to support and guide patients through targeted exercises. These devices ensure proper form and alignment, reducing the risk of injury and allowing patients to gradually regain strength and mobility.

The interactive nature of robotics also encourages active participation, making the rehabilitation process more engaging and motivating for patients. This type of treatment is usually reserved for more serious medical issues and can be quite expensive. Perhaps as the technology becomes more widely used or accepted the cost may come down in the future.

Electrical stimulation and biofeedback technologies are often used in digital physical therapy

Electrical Stimulation and Biofeedback

Electrical stimulation and biofeedback technologies have long been integral to physical therapy, but recent advancements have enhanced their precision and effectiveness.

Electrical stimulation involves the application of controlled electrical impulses to specific muscles, promoting muscle contraction and facilitating neuromuscular re-education.

In the context of low back pain, electrical stimulation can be used to target deep core muscles that are challenging to activate through traditional exercises alone.

Biofeedback technologies complement this approach by providing real-time information about muscle activity, enabling patients to learn how to control and strengthen their muscles effectively. Together, these technologies offer a comprehensive solution for low back pain rehabilitation by addressing both muscle weakness and motor control issues.

Until recently, biofeedback has been primarily offered in clinical settings like hospitals or university research programs but there are companies who are incorporating this type of technology into their products in more user-friendly and affordable ways.

3D printing allows for the creation of personalized orthotic devices

3D Printing for Custom Orthotics

Customization plays a crucial role in optimizing physical therapy outcomes, and 3D printing has emerged as a game-changer in this regard. This technology allows the creation of personalized orthotic devices that cater to the specific needs and anatomical variations of individual patients.

For individuals with low back pain, custom orthotics can provide targeted support to enhance posture and reduce strain on the spine. These orthotic devices are precisely designed based on the patient's biomechanics, ensuring optimal alignment and support.

By incorporating 3D printing technology into physical therapy, therapists can offer a more tailored and effective approach to managing low back pain.

digital physical therapy is making PT more accessible to many


The future is bright when we explore what technology is used in physical therapy these days. The integration of cutting-edge technology into physical therapy has ushered in a new era of precision, personalization, and patient engagement.

As we explored in this blog, VR and AR, telehealth, robotics, electrical stimulation, biofeedback, and 3D printing are among the key technologies transforming the landscape of physical therapy, especially in the treatment of low back pain.

As these innovations continue to evolve, the future holds promising prospects for more effective, accessible, and patient-centric rehabilitation strategies. Embracing these technological advancements not only enhances the capabilities of physical therapists but also empowers individuals to take an active role in their journey toward recovery and improved well-being.


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